Indian Monuments

15 Indian Monuments which Undoubtedly Define India

Apart from the natural beauty and gorgeous geographical location, India is also characterized by many magnificent monuments. There are several historical as well as religious monuments which makes it worthwhile to pay a visit. People from all over the world who come to India often feel intrigued by the beauty and architectural significance which these monuments depict.

Following are few of the monuments which defines India

  1. Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal is one of the landmarks in Jaipur, situated adjacent to city palace. A significant momentous in the city, Hawa Mahal is a personification of the Rajputana era. The impressive five-story “Palace of the Winds” is an amalgam of exquisiteness and magnificence depicting the Rajasthan’s ethos. The Hawa mahal was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1779. The pyramid figure of this prehistoric cenotaph is a visitor attraction consisting of 953 small windows.

Hawa Mahal

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  1. Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal, the zenith of Mughal craftsmanship, was built by the Mughal monarch Shah Jahan (1628-1658), in the remembrance of his queen Arjumand Bano Begum, also known as ‘Mumtaz Mahal’.Taj mahal is regarded as one of the seven wonders of the world  and is indeed very famous among international tourist. Not only its architecture but also its history attracts tourists towards it. The vast well maintained garden outside Taj mahal or the glimpse of River Yamuna all, adds to the beauty of the glorious Taj Mahal.

Taj Mahal

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  1. Mysore Palace

The Mysore Palace, Karnataka is commonly known as the Maharajah’s Palace, located at the city midpoint at Mirza Road. Mysore Palace is one of the most captivating memorials of Mysore city. It is also known as the Amba Vilas and is one of the biggest palaces in India which is famous for Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. The Mysore Palace is a three storied monument ranging in length of 245 feet and breadth of 156 feet. The Mysore Palace at Karnataka encompasses arrangement of curved square barbicans surrounded by domes and arches. The actual palace of Mysore was engraved out of wood which inadvertently engulfed in fire in 1897. The 24th Wodeyar Raja reconstructed the Mysore Palace of Karnataka in 1912.

Mysore Palace

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  1. Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial, one of India’s most attractive monuments which represent an exceptional amalgamation of classical European architecture and Mughal themes. The hemispherical and white marble museum stretches over 64 acres and is built in a reformed garden at the southern lateral of the Kolkata’s ground just close to Jawaharlal Nehru Road.

Victoria Memorial

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  1. Charminar

The Charminar is one of the Hyderabad’s finest recognized momentous which was built 1591 by Sultan Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah to mollify the power of malevolent attacking his novel city with rampant and outbreak. Upright in the heart of the historic city and bubbling with life, the Charminar is a 56m high ceremonial arch. The arch is distinguished for its sophisticated balconies, plush architecture and the many mosques. The Charminar means 4 towers literally which can clearly be seen in this beautiful monument.


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  1. Sanchi Stupa

Sanchi Stupa is a very significant landmark in the state of Madhya Pradesh. The foremost magnetisms of Sanchi consist of a number of Buddhist stupas, monasteries, shrines and mainstays. The monument itself is characterizes by enriching history as it dates back to the 3rd century BC .The Sanchi Stupa has been notified as a world heritage Site by the UNESCO and is very popular among people who have an interest in learning facts about Buddhism.

Sanchi Stupa

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  1. Qutab Minar

In 1199 CE Qutbu l-Din Aibak, started the construction of the Qutub minar which was completed in 1206.It is known to be one of the tallest minaret of the world which displays verses from the Holy Quran. It has 7 stories which are beautifully sculptured and were open for the public to climb on however now it is prohibited after the tragic accident. There are many other historical sites around the Qutub minar such as Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Alai Darwaza, the Tomb of Iltutmish, Alai Minar, Ala-ud-din’s Madrasa and Tomb, and the Tomb of Imam Zamin.

Qutab Minar

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  1. Cellular Jail

The cellular jail also known as the kala pani depicts the histor of Indian Independence from the British reign.It is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands and is characterised by the brutality which was caused by the britisher to Indians who were fighting against their freedom.There were many freedom fighters who were imprisoned in the Cellular jail during pre independence era. Today cellular jail is visited by many, as a national memorial monument.

Cellular Jail

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  1. Gateway of India

The splendid Gateway of India is the most appropriate example of magnificent bygone memorial built during British reign. This splendid monument has been constructed in Indo-Sarcenic style to celebrate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Bombay. Gateway of India is indeed the premium specimen of royal architectural legacy in India. The impressive structure stances at the Apollo Bunder, is a famous juncture in Mumbai.

Gateway of India

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  1. Vidhan Soudha

Vidhan Soudha is one of the most imposing as well as the most splendid buildings in the Bangalore. It is mostly renowned for the Legislative Chambers of the state administration. The Vidhan Sabha consists of 300 rooms which makes room for about twenty-two departments of the state government. Apart for its decision making activity the building is also an architectural magnificence with a height of 46 m. The use of granite makes the outside of the building quite striking, making it very popular among tourists.

Vidhan Soudha

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  1. India Gate

India gate located in New Delhi is a war memorial which is built in remembrance of the soldiers who gave up their life during the First World War in 1914-1919.The martyrs has their names inscribed on the memorial. The memorial is enlightened in the evening with flood lights and is very popular among tourists.

India Gate

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  1. Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar which is the astronomical observatory was built by Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur. There are 2 Jantar Mantar namely one in Delhi and other in Jaipur. It consist of 13 astronomical instrument accumulates astronomical tables with the help of course and movement of astronomical bodies. In olden days Jantar Mantar came to use in studying the changes in day and night, even today many schools take their students to Jantar Mantar to make them understand the science behind day and night.

Jantar Mantar

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  1. Red Fort

One of the most eminent monuments of India is the Red Fort where the Prime minister delivers his speech on Independence Day and important announcements are made. Not only does it portrays the exalting past but also denotes it elevating present. The architecture of the fort is magnificent which over 2 kilometers in lengths is. The Mughals were known for their architectural intelligence which is quite prominent in this splendid red limestone building.

Red Fort

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14.Khajuraho Temples

Famous for their spectacular sculptors and grace, the glorious Khajuraho temples represent finest aesthetics depictions. Situated in the state of Madhya Pradesh has a mesmerizing portrayal of art in its own way. The exquisiteness and sophistication of the Khajuraho temples is beyond words and imaginations. Upon visiting the Khajuraho temples one is left conjecturing about the progression of Indian art and sculpture in the era of 10th century.

Khajuraho Temples

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15. Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza, also known as the loft gateway is an excellent example of India’s glorifying history especially during the time of Mughals. It was built by the famous Mughal king Akbar to celebrate the victory over Gujarat during that time. The architecture of Buland Darwaza itself depicts the mammoth victory which the king had. The gigantic stairway of 42 steps makes open way to the exalting doorway. The monument itself is 53.63m high and 35 meters wide.

Buland Darwaza

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